Bartholomé de Las Casas (1474-1566) Bartolomé de Las Casas (1474-1566) Bartolomeo dalle Case (1474-1566) Bartolomeo Dalle Case (1474-1566) ISNI : ISNI 0000 0001 2130 9056: Bartolomé de las Casas (1474-1566) : œuvres (116 ressources dans data.bnf.fr) Œuvres textuelles (112) Brevísima relación de la destrucción de las Indias (1552) Confesonario (1552) Principia quaedam (1548) … Bartolomé de Las Casas (Bartomeu Casaus, ur. This year marks the 500-year anniversary of the pricking of one man's conscience. Hrsg. Upon his return to Santo Domingo, the unsuccessful priest and political reformer abandoned his reforming activities to take refuge in religious life. | 12 mai 2004. In fact, the indigenous population of Hispaniola, the island where Columbus landed, reduced from 250,000 to 15,000 in two decades due to the war and forced labor. Bartolomé de Las Casas was born in 1484 in Sevilla, Spain. Er brachte seinem Sohn Bartolomé einen indigenen Sklavenjungen mit, der schnell zu seinem Freund wurde. Juli 1566 bei Madrid) war ein Mitglied des Dominikanerordens und als Jurist in den spanischen Kolonien in Amerika tätig. Bartolomé de las Casas was a 16th-century Spanish historian, social reformer and Dominican friar. The author of the extract is Bartolome de Las Casas, who is famous for his works in which he describes atrocities related to Indians. The Emperor often consulted theologians and jurists on several matters related to the Empire’s policy. Slaves from Africa who had begun arriving in the 1530s had slowly replaced the indigenous labor force. Then it was very important that the crown acted--or was seen to act--according to Christian ethico-political principles established by the consulted experts. Bartolomé de las Casas , est un prêtre dominicain, missionnaire, écrivain et historien espagnol, célèbre pour avoir dénoncé les pratiques des colons espagnols et avoir défendu les droits des Amérindiens. Er hat sich für ihre Kultur interessiert und bemühte sich darum, ihre Sitten und Gebräuche zu verstehen und ihnen das Evangelium mit einer Haltung der Anerkennung und Liebe zu vermitteln. Bartolomé de Las Casas was an outspoken critic of the Spanish colonial government in the Americas.Las Casas was especially critical of the system of slavery in the West Indies.In 1515–16 he developed a plan for the reformation of the Indies with the help of religious reformer Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros.The plan ended in disaster, but Las Casas did not give up. Théologien dominicain espagnol, évêque de Chiapas au Mexique, voyageur, écrivain, Bartolomé de Las Casas est l'un des premiers défenseurs des droits des peuples originaires d'Amérique. Nonetheless, as Brian Tierney states:  “In the end, all the writings on behalf of the Indians did little or nothing to ameliorate their plight. The debate, which continued in 1551, reached no firm conclusion; but the court seemed to agree with Las Casas, and demanded a better treatment for the Indians. Author of, West Indies: European exploration and colonialism, 1492–1800. Get this from a library! In October, Christopher Columbus discovered the New World, and a year later, the Pope Alexander VI issued a Papal Bull that granted the Spanish crown sovereignty over all the lands inhabited by non-Christians that they might continue discovering in the Atlantic. His several works include Historia de las Indias (first printed in 1875). Encouraged by the favourable outcome of this experiment, Las Casas set out for Spain late in 1539, arriving there in 1540. de Bartolomé de LAS CASAS, Fanchita GONZALEZ BATLLE, et al. 1. Les œuvres de Las Casas sont loin d'être toutes traduites en français, cependant son " Journal des Indes " vient d'être publié. An early traveller to the Americas who sailed on one of Columbus's voyages, Las Casas was so horrified by the wholesale massacre he witnessed that he dedicated his life to protecting the Indian community. The book itself was not published in Las Casas’s lifetime. Realizing that it was useless to attempt to defend the Indians at long distance in America, he returned to Spain in 1515 to plead for their better treatment. In seinem letzten Gesuch oder Testament an den Indienrat und [den spanischen König] Philpp II. Finden Sie perfekte Stock-Fotos zum Thema Bartolome De Las Casas sowie redaktionelle Newsbilder von Getty Images. El 19 de septiembre de 1516 afirmó que tenía treinta y un años. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. El presente documento ha sido producido en el marco de la experiencia educativa del Proyecto “Amautas y Qullanas”, implementado por el Programa “Colegio Andino” del Centro de Estudios Regionales Andinos Bartolomé de Las Casas, entre octubre de 2005 y diciembre de 2009. In 1527, he began to write the Historia Apologética (Apologetic History), one of his major works, which served as an introduction to his masterpiece Historia de las Indias (History of the Indies). His most famous works included the Historia apologética (Apologetic History) and the Brevísima relación de la destrucción de las Indias (A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies). Ce livre présente le travail et la pensée de Bartolomé de Las Casas, figure majeure de l’histoire universelle, qui a combattu toute sa vie pour les peuples du Nouveau-Monde, découverts et dominés par les Espagnols. In addition to studying the juridical problems of the Indies, he began to work out a plan for their peaceful colonization by recruiting farmers as colonists. The polemic—the Brevísima relación de la destrucción de las Indias (A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies)—was Las Casas’s most influential work. During the following years, Las Casas produced his most important works. LAS CASAS bereiste viele spanische Kolonialbesitzungen Lateinamerikas, lernte dabei über ein Dutzend The emperor Charles V appointed Las Casas as the priest-procurator of the Indies, the head of a commission to investigate the status of the Indians, and in 1519 supported his project to found communities of both Spaniards and Indians. Testo spagnolo a fronte " 978-88-317-1143-2: 2012: Bartolomé de Las Casas: Historia de las indias, 3 vols. Wählen Sie aus erstklassigen Inhalten zum Thema Bartolome De Las Casas in … Sein Vater, der Kaufmann Pedro de las Casas, begleitete Christoph Kolumbus auf dessen zweiter Reise nach Amerika. The polemic was likely a key factor in King Charles I’s decision to issue the “New Laws” in 1542. Upon his arrival in January 1545, he immediately issued Avisos y reglas para confesores de españoles (“Admonitions and Regulations for the Confessors of Spaniards”), the famous Confesionario, in which he forbade absolution to be given to those who held Indians in encomienda. Bartolomé de Las Casas ou de Casaus est un célèbre missionnaire et écrivain né à Séville en 1474, mort à Madrid en juillet 1566. The location selected for the new colony was on the Gulf of Paria in the northern part of present-day Venezuela. Tout (112 documents) La découverte de l'Amérique (2019) avec Bartolomé de las Casas (1474-1566) comme Éditeur scientifique Des indiens que l'on a réduits en esclavage. 544 páginas. Les œuvres de Las Casas sont loin d'être toutes traduites en français, cependant son journal des Indes vient d'être publié. Online Books by. Le 2 octobre 2002, son procès en béatification a été ouvert par l'Église catholique. Many Spaniard missionaries sent to the New World, including Las Casas, noticed and denounced the brutal exploitation of Indians by encomenderos, and their lack of commitment in evangelization. By 1492, Isabella of Castile and her husband Ferdinand of Aragón had set the foundations for the unification of the several kingdoms that would later conform Spain. The laws threatened the existence of the treasured encomienda system. Some 10 years later he commenced work on the Historia de las Indias (History of the Indies). En 1492 su tío paterno, Juan, participó en el primer viaje de Cristóbal Colón, que partió del Puerto de Palos el 3 de agosto de ese año. In 1502 he left for Hispaniola, in the West Indies, with the governor, Nicolás de Ovando. Perhaps the first person in America to receive holy orders, he was ordained a priest in either 1512 or 1513. Bartolomé de Las Casas: der Mann - das Werk - die Wirkung by: Casas, Bartolomé de las 1484-1566, et al. Bartolomé de Las Casas (1474-1566) a consacré sa vie à défendre les Indiens d’Amérique dont les Espagnols avaient entrepris de conquérir les terres, et de convertir depuis la découverte du continent par Christophe Colomb en 1492. Fecha en que fue cargado. As soon as the Spaniards discovered the New world and realized that is was inhabited by non-Christian people that they considered to be barbarians, they began to debate the use of military force to control the new land, and the conversion of the indigenous population. Bartolomé de Las Casas was born around 1484 in Seville, Spain. With the help of the archbishop, the Plan para la reformación de las Indias was conceived, and Las Casas, named priest-procurator of the Indies, was appointed to a commission to investigate the status of the Indians. La plupart des sources contemporaines affirment déso… Descripción: Ouvrage historique. Sevilla, c.1484 – Madrid, 18.VIII.1565. Tuvo una formación más bien autodidacta, orientada hacia la teología, la filosofía y el derecho. To pay for his service, the Spanish crown granted a conquistador, soldier, or official a piece of land and number of Indians living in a particular area. Bartolomé de Las Casas was a Dominican priest and missionary in the Americas. by Bartolome de Las Casas | Sold by: Amazon.com Services LLC | Sep 7, 2019. Bartolomé de Las Casas (1474-1566) était un prêtre dominicain espagnol, devenu célèbre pour avoir défendu les droits des indigènes contre les exactions des colons. Updates? De Las Casas was a 16th-century historian, social reformer, and friar. Oeuvres de Don Barthelemi de Las Casas, 1: Precedees de Sa Vie Et Acompagnees de Notes Historiques, Additions Developpemens..... (French Edition) [Bartolom De Las Casas] on Amazon.com. The text justified theoretically following Aristotelian ideas of natural slavery the inferiority of Indians and their enslavement by the Spaniards. The Online Books Page. Bartolomé participe à la colonisation des Amériques avec Nicolás de Ovando, dès ses 18 ans. Las Casas traveled to the new colony from Spain in 1520, but two years later had to return to Santo Domingo after his experiment failed due to the opposition of the powerful encomenderos and the attacks of native communities of the region. Sepúlveda, a humanist lawyer born in 1490, was an important figure in the court of Charles V where he served as the Emperor's chaplain and his official historian. As soon as the Spaniards discovered the New world and realized that is was inhabited by non-Christian people that they considered to be barbarians, they began to debate the use of military force to control the new land, and the conversion of the indigenous population. In other words, Sepúlveda considered the Indians to be pre-social men with no rights or property. = Missionstheologische Schriften, Bd. Bartolomé lui-même, qui avait reçu les ordres mineurs, partit chercher fortune à Hispaniola (Haïti) en 1502. Bartolomé de Las Casas (* 1484 oder 1485 in Sevilla[1]; 18. La date de naissance de Bartolomé de las Casas à Séville est controversée . Bartolomé de Las Casas war ein Dominikanermönch, der sich – als einer der wenigen zu seiner Zeit – nach der Eroberung Lateinamerikas durch die Spanier für die Rechte der Indios eingesetzt hat. He also developed a new system of evangelization that the Dominicans used favorably in Central America. Prime. This genocide called the attention of those theologians like Vitoria and Las Casas who were concerned with the morality of the conquest. Omissions? Grand Rapids, Mi:  William B Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1997. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Las Casas interrupted work on the book only to send to the Council of the Indies in Madrid three long letters (in 1531, 1534, and 1535), in which he accused persons and institutions of the sin of oppressing the Indian, particularly through the encomienda system. The plan ended in disaster, but Las Casas did not give up. The failure to recruit a sufficient number of farmers, the opposition of the encomenderos of Santo Domingo, and, finally, an attack by the Indians themselves all were factors that brought disaster to the experiment in January 1522. In 1523, he joined the Dominican order and became the prior of the Convent of Puerto De Plata. This became the most important text at the time supporting the Spanish conquest of the Americas and their methods. Seine Anwesenheit auf der Antilleninsel Hispaniola ist seit 1502 verbürgt. : avec portrait. Bartolomé de Las Casas: un colonisateur saisi par l'Évangile; [de la colonisation à la défense des Indiens] by: Orhant, Francis Published: (1991) Bartolomé de Las Casas: vie et œuvres by: Huerga, Alvaro Published: (2005) Skip to main content.com.au. Unsurprisingly, they were extremely unpopular in the Americas and were met with much resistance. Œuvres de don Barthélemi de las Casas, évêque de Chiapa, défenseur de la liberté des naturels de l'Amérique : précédées de sa vie, et accompagnées de notes historiques, additions, développemens, etc., etc. Le travail et la pensée de Bartolomé de Las Casas, figure majeure de l’histoire universelle, qui a combattu toute sa vie pour les peuples du Nouveau-Monde, découverts et dominés par les Espagnols. It ceased to be a hereditary grant, and the encomenderos had to set free their Indians. In 1542, Charles V signed the “New Laws” that reformed the encomienda in response to Las Casas and some of his supporters complain. After his failure, Las Casas decided to devote his life to religious service. The purpose of all the facts he sets forth is the exposure of the “sin” of domination, oppression, and injustice that the European was inflicting upon the newly discovered peoples. His stirring defense of the indigenous peoples before the Spanish Parliament in Barcelona in December 1519 persuaded King Charles I (the emperor Charles V), who was in attendance, to accept Las Casas’s project of founding “towns of free Indians”—i.e., communities of both Spaniards and Indians who would jointly create a new civilization in America. Der junge Barto- lomé besuchte die Schule in Sevilla, wo er Latein lernte. En 1975, l'historienne Helen R. Parish a trouvé aux Archives des Indes de Sévilleun document daté du 15 septembre 1516, dans lequel le clerc Las Casas « jure par Dieu et les saints ordres qu'il a reçus, et par les Évangiles, qu'il a trente-et-un ans passés » . This was the beginning of a very prolific writing period. Under the New Laws, encomenderos (land grantees) were required to release the serfs on their land after the span of a single generation. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. To ensure enforcement of the laws, Las Casas was named bishop of Chiapas in Guatemala, and in July 1544 he set sail for America, together with 44 Dominicans. One of his major works, the Apologética was to serve as the introduction to his masterpiece, the Historia de las Indias. Œuvres de don Barthélemi de las Casas: évêque de Chiapa, défenseur de la liberté des naturels de l'Amérique; précédées de sa vie, et accompagnées de notes historiques, additions, développemens, etc., etc. 1484 w Sewilli, zm. In October, Christopher Columbus discovered the New World, and a year later, the Pope Alexander VI issued a Papal Bull that granted the Spanish crown sovereignty over all the lands inhabited by non-Christians that they might continue discovering in the Atlantic. 0 calificaciones 0% encontró este documento útil (0 votos) 76 vistas. Juli 1566 bei Madrid[2] ) war ein spanischer Theologe, Dominikaner und Schriftsteller sowie der erste Bischof von Chiapas im heutigen Mexiko. Dominico (OP), obispo, teólogo, polemista, defensor de los indios. Bartolomé De Las Casas: Brevissima relazione della distruzione delle Indie. It was Las Casas’s intention to reveal to Spain the reason for the misfortune that would inevitably befall it when it became the object of God’s punishment. Professor of Ethics, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City. During his first twelve years in the New World, Las Casas participated in various expeditions of conquest in the Caribbean. Cette biographie vient à point et le complète avec bonheur du fait de nombreuses citations de livres inédits en français ou de documents inaccessibles. Nació en Sevilla, colación del Salvador, en el centro de la ciudad; dato cierto, pues él no pierde ocasión de proclamarlo. Bartolomé de Las Casas was an outspoken critic of the Spanish colonial government in the Americas. Ukończył prawo na uniwersytecie w Salamance. ; Avec Portrait by Jego ojciec, Francisco Casaus lub Casas, towarzyszył Kolumbowi w jego drugiej wyprawie do Ameryki w 1493. Der spanische Mönch und Chronist BARTOLOMÉ DE LAS CASAS wurde 1474 als Sohn eines Adligen geboren. Son père, Pedro de Las Casas était lié à Christophe Colomb, qu’il a accompagné lors de son second voyage au Nouveau Monde. Historian Anthony Pagden states that the Hapsburg court had appointed itself as the guardian of universal Christendom. 4,5 sur 5 étoiles 27. Bartolomé de las Casas, Bartolomé de las Casas (évêque), Juan Antonio Llorente: Amazon.com.au: Books. After various adventures in Central America, where his ideas on the treatment of the indigenous population invariably brought him into conflict with the Spanish authorities, Las Casas wrote De único modo (1537; The Only Way), in which he set forth the doctrine of peaceful evangelization of the Indian. This settlement was located on the Gulf of Paria in the present-day Venezuela. Then it was very important that the crown acted--or was seen to act--according to Christian ethico-political principles established by the consulted experts. Bartolomé de las Casas es una película dirigida por Sergio Olhovich con José Alonso, Germán Robles, Rolando de Castro, Héctor Ortega, Claudette Mallé .... Año: 1992. Si vous êtes fan de lecture depuis des années, découvrez sans plus tarder toutes nos offres et nos bonnes affaires exceptionnelles pour l'acquisition d'un produit Bartolomé De Las Casas - Vie Et Oeuvres. In 1502 he left for Hispaniola, the island that today contains the states of Dominican Republic and Haiti. Many Spaniard missionaries sent to the New World, including Las Casas, noticed and denounced the brutal exploitation of Indians by encomenderos, and their lack of commitment in evangelization. Casa en Venta de $1.610.000 , 3 recámaras, 2 baños, 110 m2 en Bartolomé de las Casas, Michoacán ID 17221813. Margaret Kohn  "Colonialism", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Summer 2010 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed. Życiorys. ), at http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2010/entries/colonialism/ Other Resources: Bartolome de Las Casas at http://www.lascasas.org Benjamin Keen, The Legacy of Bartolomé de Las Casas at http://www.roebuckclasses.com/201/conquest/legacylascasaskeen.htm Simón Calle  Department of Music, Columbia University, Las Casas, Sepúlveda, and Vitoria lived during the first decades of the conquest of the Americas and consolidation of the Spanish Empire. The rigorous enforcement of his regulations led to vehement opposition on the part of the Spanish faithful during Lent of 1545 and forced Las Casas to establish a council of bishops to assist him in his task. Biographie der Online-Enzyklopädie Wikipedia. He argued that the Indians were free subjects of the Castilian crown, and their property remained their own. Bartolomé de Las Casas was a prolific writer. But soon his uncompromisingly pro-Indian position alienated his colleagues, and in 1547 he returned to Spain. Brookfield, Vt: Ashgate/Variorum, 1998, 159-178. Las Casas did not publish Historia in his lifetime, but he did publish a summary of Historia as a polemic. In a famous sermon on August 15, 1514, he announced that he was returning his Indian serfs to the governor. In 1503, the Spaniards established the encomienda (from the Spanish encomendar ‘to entrust’), a system to organize the Indian population to meet the needs of the early colonial economy. 20. For this reason, during his stay in Spain he conceived the Plan para la reformación de las Indias (Plan for the Reformation of the Indies). Brookfield, Vt: Ashgate/Variorum, 1998, 159-178.Brian Tierney, The Idea of Natural Rights: Studies on Natural Rights, Natural Law, and Church Law 1150-1625. Alle Kriege, die conquista [Eroberung] genannt wurden, sind über die Maßen ungerecht … Les multiples activités de Bartolomé de Las Casas, l'abondance de ses écrits et, surtout, les controverses passionnées qu'il suscite depuis si longtemps font que son personnage est plus illustre que compris. Bartolomé de Las Casas was the first and fiercest critic of Spanish colonialism in the New World. Las Casas returned to Spain the next year. He joined the Dominican order in 1523. fasst Las Casas seine Argumente zusammen: 1. "Bartolomé de Las Casas ( 1484 in Sevilla; 31. Bartolomé de Las Casas, (born 1474 or 1484, Sevilla?, Spain—died July 1566, Madrid), early Spanish historian and Dominican missionary who was the first to expose the oppression of indigenous peoples by Europeans in the Americas and to call for the abolition of slavery there. In 1514, he returned his Indian serfs to the governor of Santo Domingo, and a year later, traveled to Spain to defend the natives and plead for their better treatment. This genocide called the attention of those theologians like Vitoria and Las Casas who were concerned with the morality of the conquest. In 1550, Las Casas debated in Valladolid his views on the American Indians with Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda in front of the Spanish court. The Brevísima relación de la destrucción de las Indias (A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies) had an immediate impact in Spain. Four years later, while serving as prior of the convent of Puerto de Plata, a town in northern Santo Domingo, he began to write the Historia apologética. Historian Anthony Pagden states that the Hapsburg court had appointed itself as the guardian of universal Christendom. ), at http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2010/entries/colonialism/ Simón Calle  Department of Music, Columbia University, Las Casas, Sepúlveda, and Vitoria lived during the first decades of the conquest of the Americas and consolidation of the Spanish Empire. Homme de foi et de convictions, le religieux dominicain Bartolomé de Las Casas a proclamé pour la première fois, il y a un demi-millénaire, l'universalité des droits de l'Homme. Fray Bartolomé de Las Casas (Sevilla, 1474 - Madrid, 1566) Religioso español, defensor de los derechos de los indígenas en los inicios de la colonización de América. Achat Bartolomé De Las Casas - Vie Et Oeuvres à prix bas sur Rakuten. In fact, the indigenous population of Hispaniola, the island where Columbus landed, reduced from 250,000 to 15,000 in two decades due to the war and forced labor. In 1502 he left for Hispaniola, the island that today contains the states of Dominican Republic and Haiti. He sailed for America in November 1516. Nonetheless, as Brian Tierney states:  “In the end, all the writings on behalf of the Indians did little or nothing to ameliorate their plight. The son of a small merchant, Las Casas is believed to have gone to Granada as a soldier in 1497 and to have enrolled to study Latin in the academy at the cathedral in Sevilla (Seville). Brian Tierney, The Idea of Natural Rights: Studies on Natural Rights, Natural Law, and Church Law 1150-1625. (Sevilla, 1484 – Madrid, julio de 1566) fue un encomendero español y luego fraile dominico, cronista, filósofo, teólogo, jurista, «Procurador o protector universal de todos los indios de las Indias», obispo de Chiapas en el Virreinato de Nueva España, escritor y principal apologista de los indígenas. Cargado por classarace. Casas, Bartolomé de las. Between 1531 and 1540, he wrote several texts attacking the encomenderos and accusing persons and institutions of the sin of oppressing the Indians. He wrote many petitions, treatises, and books on the subject of the Spanish conquest of the Americas. Brookfield, Vt: Ashgate/Variorum, 1998, 159-178. Try. He claimed that the Indians had no ruler, and no laws, so any civilized man could legitimately appropriate them. As a young man, Las Casas participated in several military expeditions in the West Indies. (el) Der Dominikaner Bartolomé de Las Casas verfasste die Brevísima relación de la destruición de las Indias (Ganz kurzer Bericht über die Zerstörung Westindiens; gemeint ist das heutige Südamerika) als Anklage gegen das System der Conquista und Encomienda.Seine Kritik richtete er an den spanischen König, der politisch für die Unterdrückung der Indios verantwortlich war. Available instantly. The Indians acted as serfs and paid the encomendero tribute in gold, kind, or labor in exchange of protection and evangelization. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Bartolome-de-Las-Casas, United States History - Biography of Bartolomé de Las Casas, The Mariners' Museum - Exploration through the Ages - Biography of Bartolomé de las Casas, The Catholic Encyclopedia - Biography of Bartolome de las Casas, Bartolomé de Las Casas - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Bartolomé de Las Casas - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), Brevísima relación de la destrucción de las Indias. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg Aktuelles Verlagsprogramm, Autoren, Veranstaltungen, Theater und Medien, Neuerscheinungen, Katalogsuche, Foreign Rights und Presse Las Casas est sans conteste l'une des « figures coloniales » les plus passionnantes et controversées dans le champ de études hispaniques, latino-américaines et caribéennes. Kindle Edition $5.25 $ 5.